Aronia is a shrubby plant which belongs to the family of rosaceous and it contains many distinct plant species. The cultivation of aronia is found mostly in the countries of North America (Canada), in Europe and in Asia.

Aronia melanocarpa

aroniaAronia melanocarpa is a long-lived deciduous shrub which can reach up to 3 meters. Its name comes from the color of its fruit. Its color in the phase of full maturity, which takes place at the end of August, is dark black. Aronia melanocarpa consists a kind of aronia, which can be developed satisfactorily in the soil and climate conditions of Greece.

As a plant aronia is frugal and can be developed in different heights, ranging from 400 up to 1.500 meters, in different climates and types of soil (sandy, loamy, clay). Its faster development can be noticed in places with high sunshine levels and where the climate is fluid and the soil is light and peaty.

The speed of development of the plant is slow (30/ 40 cm per year) but the lifetime of aronia, is big (up till 100 years). The plant starts to attaches fruition after the second year from its planting, reaching its full productivity after the fifth year, which can be sustained until its twenty fifth – thirtieth year. The production of aronia is from 4 to 12 kg per shrub, depending from the soil and climate conditions in which it develops.

Melanocarpa Vickings

29The basic varieties of aronia melanocarpa are Nero and Vikings. The Vikings variety is less sour and returns bigger fruit in comparison to other varieties. Its first characteristic contributes to its better taste, while its big fruit, when it is dried, returns a more juicy currant compared with a smaller fruit of another variety.